National Genealogical Society

References for Researching

Query Abbreviations

These standard abbreviations are used in creating effective genealogical queries.

abt about
aft after
aka also known as
anc ancestor/ancestry
arr arrived
b born
bap baptized
bef before
bd birth date
bpl birth place
bro brother(s)
bur buried
ca circa
cem cemetery
cen census
ch child(ren)
Co County
d died
dau daughter
dd death date
desc descendant(s)
d/o daughter of
dpl death place
em emigrated
esp especially
exch exchange
f father
fam family
fr from
g grand
gg great grand
h husband
imm immigrated
incl includes
liv lived
m married
m1 married first
md marriage date
mo mother
mov moved
mpl marriage place
par parent(s)
poss possibly
prob probably
r resided
re: regarding
rel relationship
Rev Revolutionary War
s son
sib sibling(s)
s/o son of
vic vicinity
w wife
wid widow

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